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BEAR CAMP RIVE 
OVERFLOWS IN N.H. 

— . 

fThree Miles of State Highway 
Near Ossipee Inundated 



OSSIPEE, N. H., April 7 (AP)— Three 
iniles of state highway and hundreds 
of acres of fields were under water 
here tonight after the Bear Camp 
river, reaching its annual freshet stage, 
overflowed its banks. 

Traffic on the east side highway, 
tthich is one of the main routes from 
Massachusetts to the White Mountains, 
was interrupted over a distance of 
about three miles between Center 
C«sipee and West Ossipee. Motor cars 
were diverted around the mountain 
toad from West Ossipee to Ossipee Val- 
ley when the depth of the water on 
the road reached two and three feet. 

Every spring when the Bear Camp 



river reaches flood stage this section of 
road is flooded, together with adjacent 
fields reaching to the Boston & Maine 
railroad tracks. Usually the water 
reaches only to the running boards of 
automobiles and travel is not halted 
but sometimes the rise is so great as 
to send traffic over the old back road 
over the hills. Usually, little damage 
is caused and the flood subsides in 
about 24 hours. 

The Whittier, highway, running from 
Meredith to West Ossipee also was un- 
der water in several places, but travel 
was not checked since the water did 
not exceed one foot in depth. 

The Bear Camp is a small stream 
flowing into Ossipee lake and only in 
spring when swelled by rains and melt- 
ing snows from the uplands leaves its 
narrow banks. 



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Concord Building 

to Open April 19 



The new building of the Concord Anti- 
quarian Society will be opened to the 
public for the first time on the afternoon 
of Patriot's Day, April 19. 

The entire studio of Ralph "Waldo Em- 
erson, the poet and philosopher, is to be 
transferred to the new house and given 
space to be known as the Emerson 
room. 

A collection of the possessions of Henry 
David Thoreau will occupy another room. 
The kitchen, which is finished in the style 
of 1650, will be used as a meeting place 
for the society. 

The final arrangements for the open- 
ing of the new house are now being made 
by the officers of the society, who in- 
clude Allen French, president; John G. 
Morse and Mrs. Herbert Buttrick Hos- 
mer, vice presidents; Fred A. Tower, 
treasurer; B. Alcott Pratt, secretary; Mrs. 
Henry F. Smith. Mrs. H. Robert Bygrave 
and Mrs. Gaylord Cummin, executive com- 
mittee. 

The land on which the new antiquarian 
house stands was given to the society 
by the Emerson heirs. Much of the 
woodwork has been given by Russell H. 
Kettell, master at Middlesex School and 
author of several books on antiques. 
Harry B. Little of Concord and Boston 
is the architect. 







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REDEMPTION CHURCH 

The Rev. Dr. John Smith Lowe, 
preaching at the Church of the Re- 
demption (Universalist) at Boylston 
and Ipswich streets, yesterday delivered 
a sermon on "The Lands We May Not 
Enter." He said: 

For each one of us, there are 
lands we may not enter. The land 
of wealth, or economic independ- 
ence, is one of them. The majority 
of us will struggle along to the 
last step in life's journey, trying 
to make both ends meet, and not 
always succeeding. The wolf is kept 
from the door by a narrow mar- 
gin. 

There is the land of health 
whose gates are forever closed 
against many people. Physical de- 
fects and deformities, ailments that 
do not kill, but which cannot be 
cured, hamper and torment them 
from the cradle to the grave. And 
yet, generally speaking, they face 
life with a smile. 

Fame resulting from a conspi- 
cuously successful business or pro- 
fessional career, is another land 
that most of us will never enter. 
The desire to stand out, to win 
distinction! Who has not felt it? 
Our consciousness of lands we may 
not enter should not blind our eyes 
to the other lands we may enter 
because they belong to us and we 
belong to them. 

There is one land that all may 
enter, and life at best will seem 
vain and empty if we fail to entr.r 
it. In this land all other lands m?et 
in one. In it all woridly distinc- 
tions and differences are blotted 
out. Rich and poor, high and low, , 
educated and uneducated, meet in 
it on a common level. It is the 
land of nobility and sweetness of 
character. In it you will find the 
fragrant flowers of love, simplicity, 
sincerity, unselfishness, kindness, 
and thoughtfulness of others. All 
roads that are worth travelling 
lead to it. Its gates are never 
closed. 



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The People of Sudbury 



are invited to attend an 



OLD FASHIONED DANCING PARTY 

to be held at 

THE WAYSIDE INN 

On Friday Evening, June the 27th 

from 8.30 to 11.30 o'clock 



This dance is to be a part of Sudbury's observance of the Tercentenary 
Celebration, and is made possible through the kindness and co-operation of 
Mr. Henry Ford, whose interest in Sudbury has long been recognized and 
appreciated. 

As the capacity of the Inn is limited, only 300 guests can be accom- 
modated, and no one under 1 8 years of age will be admitted. 

® Admission is without charge and by cards only, which may be obtained 

J from the following committee. 

1 

I Mrs. FRANK GERRY, Chairman, Sudbury. 

1 Mrs. LEWIS COBURN, South Sudbury. 

I Mr. FRANK BOWKER, North Sudbury. 

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SAP AND SAPS 

By LOUISE KENT 

The sap has run up into the maple trees, 
and in many New England farmhouses have 
been heard the first faint stirrings that mean 
that the wild geese and the antique-hounds 
are on their way north. Now is the time when 
old flax-wheels, wool-winders and candle-moulds 
are routed out from the attic and piled up in 
artless confusion in the shed. Rheumatic Bos- 
ton rockers and slatback chairs with sagging 
seats — or, better still, with no seats at all — make 
their appearance on sunny porches. Glass sauce 
dishes, fully 25 years old, are carefully placed 
where the maximum amount of dust will dim 
their radiance. Hooked rugs, mellowed with the 
patina that only five years on the direct route 
between the barn and the kitchen sink can 
give, are shaken briskly to detach a few strands 
here and there. On the line, gay patchwork 
quilts are hung out to fade in the spring sun- 
shine, and near them wobbly candlesticks sup- 
port milk cans and wait patiently for rain and 
lactic acid to dull their varnish. 

Before long visitors from the sophisticated 
neighborhoods will begin the annual explora- 
tion. They are all fired by the noble ambition 
of being the first to overreach the Innocent na- 
tives. More than one will bear home in triumph 
a fly-specked Currier and Ives print of "The 
First Ride,'' "The Little Sweetheart" or "Morn- 
ing Prayer" at practically no more than Charles 
Street prices. Others will be made happy by 
the purchase of early Sandwich (nee Wool- 
worth) plates, or celery holders at barely 500 
per cent, profit. There may even be an occa- 
sional cup plate in the loot — a genuine sample 
of those elegant little accessories on which 
hardy tillers of the soil used to set their cups 
while they cooled their tea in their saucers. 

Perhaps there will be a muddy brown glass 
flask bearing the profile of the father of his 
country — store teeth and all — and, on the re- 
verse, a squabby-looking version of the bird of 
freedom, a little nervous apparently in that 
equivocal position even in those unrepressed 
days. Then there is that red and white scent 
bottle that grandma brought from the World's 
Fair. Grandma was 97 years old when she died 
five years ago, and, as all antiques automati- 
cally adopt as their birthday that of the next 
to the last owner, the bottle is now, by the 
simplest sort of arithmetical calculation, 102 
years old. Probably the World's Fair took place 
in 1793 — but the new owner can work that all 
out with pencil and paper when he gets home. 

It is obviously well worth while to plunge 
into mud holes and break a few springs in the 
process of acquiring treasures like these. How 
unnecessary to fret and fume about the tariff 
and unemployment while New England enter- 
prise still produces antiques! Here is a native 
industry that has grown up without a shred 
of protection. Its customers still continue to be 
born at the rate of approximately one a min- 
ute. Not all the geese who fly north are wild. 



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MASSACHUSETTS HALL, WHICH HAS BEEN USED AS A DORMITORY SINCE 1720 



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Ford to Open Old-Fashioned General 
Store on Post Road in Marlboro 



[Special Dispatch 

MARLBORO, May 21— A gasoline 
filling station of the newest design and 
a general store, dating back to the 
great grandparents of the present gen- 
eration, will be opened about June 15 
on the Boston post road, near the Sud- 
bury line, by Henry Ford.* 

Mr. Ford recently bought Bill Par- 
menter's old general store, which was 
formerly located in Sudbury Centre, 



to The Herald] 

and had it moved to this city, to a 
point a short way from Wayside Inn, 
where it overlooks Hager's pond. 

The front of this store will bear the 
look and smell of today, with a brightly 
painted set of up-to-date gasoline tanks 
and possibly several uniformed assist- 
ants, but the rear will be an echo of 
yesterday. Some old-fashioned New 
England storekeeper, whom Mr. Ford 
will search out while he is shopping 
for other antiques, will be keeping 
books according to the old-fashioned 
methods, and he will sell everything 
"rom plowshares to crackers. 

Everything will be there as of old, 
he pot-bellied stove, the high stool 
nd desk for the bookkeeper, the box 
of sawdust and the barrel of smoked 
herring. Among the commodities to 
be sold will be the products of a grist 
mill which is now operating near the 
Wayside Inn. where it was set up under 
Mr. Ford's direction. 

Mr. Ford has applied for a permit 
for the filling station to the board of 
aldermen, and a hearing is scheduled 
for June 2. 




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Secretary of the navy 



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FORD TRADE SCHOOL 

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Their First Amateur Theatrical Attempt Was 

Fine Success In "All Night Long" Given 

In New Ball Room 



iMarlboro — The boys of the Ford 
Trade School ap in their 

first amateur theatricals last nignt 
when they presented a three act 
comedy enitled "All Night Long" 
before a large number of invited 
guests who assembled in the new 
ballroom of the Wayside Inn. 

The youthful thespians appeared 
much at ease on the stage and 
showed the careful training of their 
coach, Roger P Bristol, an instruc- 
tor at tiie school, who had person- 
, al supervision of the entire play. 

Mise Marion Allen of this city, 
teacher in the i.Mary Lamb school 
adjoining the Wayside Inn, took 
one of tne leading parts. Mis.i Alice 
Bailey, empioyeu at the Inn, and 
Louie Varrichione, physical direct- 
or, assisted these students: Leon 
Gooch, William Bridges. Charles 
Barkhous, William Graham, Hy- 
man Seligman, John Lindbergh. 

|A new stage erected last week 
for the occasion was used tor tte 
tirst time and will be retained as a 
permanent fixture for future ev- 
ents. The setting, wiring, etc., 
••as done entirely by the boys u. 



der the direction of their instruct- 
ors. 

The Trade school orchestra mak- 
ing its Initial appearance received 
the hearty approval of the guests. 
The group was formed since the 
advent ot the New Year and undei 
the direction of Principal Laverne 
Bushnell, who is a talented musi- 
cian, has made remarkable prog- 
ress. Practically all of the boys 
had their first instruction on the 
instrument, last Fall. The person- 
nel includes: Cornets, Arthur 
'Logue, George Johnson; violins, 
Louis Seligman, Earl Stoddard. 
Michael Bolesky Hyman Seligman, 
banjo Francis Calvert; drum. Cla- 
rence Haskell; piano, Joseph Och- 
edowski. 

Assisting in stage properties 
were James Nash and Ralph Dela- 
grieco. Ushers included Clifford 
Moffett, Charles Webber, Nicholas 
Grovinetti, John Milanskas, while 
Thomas Margeller was in charge 
of the tickets. 

Superintendent E J Boyer who 
was present at the performance 
stated that he was much pleased 
with the work done by the bo 



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At l lie Wn\«lri> Inn 
• Quite different Is her other garden 
setting, the old-fashioned brick walled 
garden of the Wayside Inn. Acquiring 
this property first merely as an act of 
preservation, it has gradually become 
the inspiration for Mr. Ford's Interest 
in keeping for succeeding generations, 
examples of living conditions and hab- 
jf day* which were rapidly being 
erafcd forever from fleeting memories. 
There | S u tt i e : =! - t „, tne g ar de n form 
>nri planting from the days ■■■hen ladle* 

from the stage coach floated down the 
walks to get a breath of air between 
relays, for the garden was radically 
made over in 1900 along English lines, 
anri the bust of Longfellow placed at 
the end of the long walk as a tribute 

to a famous man connected with the 
spot. 

However, there are still some rem- 



nants of earlier day? which have been 
kept intact: the lilacs forming delight- 
ful screens and rows of fragrant flow- 
ers, date from the inn's earliest days, 
and the box is not a recent parvenue. 
Over this box there is a constant de- 
bate between the gardener and the 
owner: the former longs to get at it 
with pruning shears and Mrs. Pord will 
not allow it to be touched! There are 
orange day lilies, and old apple trees, 
and the bits of statuary against green 
curtains seem to fit in with the whole 
p:cture. Back of the walled garden are 
the cut'ing beds full of annuals and 
perennials to he used in the decoration 
of the house, and the willow edged 
pool with background of mingling 
greens could easily have been a subject 
for a Corot landscape. 

In the yard before the entrance door 
is the old pump of the same model, if 
not the identical one, thirsty travel- 
ers might have used, and the little gar- 
den ell nestles behind the old oaks 
While Mr. Ford superintends his mill 
and his school and admires his fat 
oxen and their work, Mrs. Ford wanders 
up and down her garden path6 with a 
sense of contentment at the beauty and 
hospitality given forth by the old set- 
ting. 

Farming Interest* 
Another unit is to be added this sum- 
mer to the growing Wavside Inn village. 
Already the s~hool supplements the 
inn. the mill grinds out its meal, the 
barrw hold the old stage coaches and 



now a store is to be opened in its turn. 
This project is all in line with the in- 
terests of Mrs. Ford, for realizing that 
farms and gardens are stirring adjuncts 
to the present day needs of body and 
spirit, two years ago she rearranged her 
busy life to accept the presidency of 
the Women's National Farm and Gar- 
den association, the organization which 
stands for strengthening the relations 
of the farm women to her city friends. 
Roadside marketing is one of the 
branches of the work In which Mrs. 
Ford is especially interested, and this 
old store which has been moved from 
West Sudbury, is going to afford a 
chance for Mr. and Mrs. Ford to work 
out some of their ideas on the subject 
of direct marketing in connection with 
Mrs. Ford's "Farm and Garden" inter- 
ests. Details have not yet been settled 
but however they materialize they will 
be practically efficient, and a visible 
expression of the best along this line 
of work. 




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of the Wavside- Inn. l I 




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LoNe- Walk 

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KING PHILIP'S WAR CLUB 

No warwhoops will be heard— only the toot- 
ing of automobile horns and the occasional 
yells of a few boys stranded at the academy 
over a long week-end— when the war club of 
King Philip of the Wampanoags goes on exhibi- 
tion today in the archaeological museum at An- 
dover. The maple weapon, inlaid with shells, 
which Prof. Moorehead acquired from Maine, 
presumably did belong to the famous Indian 
warrior, since the documents and Prof. Moore- 
head say it did, and we know of no more re- 
liable authority than he on Indian lore and 
relics. But while every one of high school age 
or older has heard of the man who wielded the 
club, few persons know any more about him 
than that he had a war named after him. 

Due largely to the friendly attitude of Mas- 
sasoit, the chief of the Wampanoags, who greet- 
ed the Pilgrims on their arrival at Plymouth, 
and to the wholesome missionary work of John 
Eliot, the early settlers got along fairly well 
with the original Americans. The latter, to be 
sure, usually received the bad end of any bar- 
gain in land, but they were easily satisfied with 
small rewards and favors, and there were 
enough conscientious leaders among the Eng- 
lish to prevent the colonists from exploiting the 
Indians beyond reason. Frequently the English 
bought and paid for the land they desired in 
good money. They obtained the fertile acres of 
Musketaquid in this way in 1635 and because 
of the peaceable transaction called their settle- 
ment Concord. But more often a credulous 
sachem wrote his mark on a piece of paper, 
little realizing that for a small recompense, he 
was deeding away immense tracts of his fam- 
ily's dominions. 

Even the Christianizing and education? 1 
work which the Apostle Eliot and his followers 
carried on in the period from 1646 to 1675 failed 
to bridge permanently the gap between the 
whites and redskins. In fact, in one respect it 
made matters worse, for it created a group cf 
three or four thousand "praying Indians" who 
were not trusted entirely by the English and 
were looked on with suspicion by their heathen 
brethren. But for about 40 years, following the 
extermination of the Pequods in 1636, the set- 
tlers and the Indians managed to maintain an 
armed neutrality. 



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More and more the Indians came to under- 
stand, however, that they were being slowly 
forced into a condition of inferiority, and that 
despite all assurances to the contrary they 
would eventually have to give up all their lands 
and their tribal laws and customs, and assume 
a dependent position under the government 
of the invaders. This feeling resulted in overt 
action during the years after the amicable 
Massasoit's death in 1661 when his oldest 
son, called Alexander, died suddenly under 
rather mysterious circumstances, and the In- 
dians believed that the English had poisoned 
him. The leadership of the Wampanoags then 
descended into the hands of the younger son, 
Pometacom, called Philip, a brilliant, valiant 
warrior, who soon openly defied the English. 
Efforts were made to conciliate him. but they 
failed, and in June, 1675, his braves attacked the 
settlement at Swanzey. 

From then on no white village in New Eng- 
land, except on the seacoast, was safe. During 
the summer and autumn the Indians attacked, 
and frequently burned and destroyed, the set- 
tlements of Brookfield and Lancaster in cen- 
tral Massachusetts, and Deerfield, Northfield, 
Hadley and Hatfield in the Connecticut valley. 
In December the combined forces of Massachu- 
setts, Rhode Island and Connecticut made a 
determined onslaught on the Indian stronghold 
near what is now South Kingston, R. I., but 
Philip, if he was there, escaped. 

In the spring the war was renewed, and 
towns as near Boston as Groton and Medfield 
felt the arrows and firebrands of the Indians. 
But in August the settlers, having learned to 
fight Indians with Indian methods, set a Jrap 
for King Philip in his fortress at Mt. Hope. 
Encircling his fortress, they waited for the 
Indians to try to escape. Finally Philip, "with- 
out any more clothes than his small breeches 
and stockings," dashed out and fell before the 
English musket fire. His body was quartered 
and his head sent to Plymouth. The Rev. Cot- 
ton Mather observed: "God sent them in the 
head of a Leviathan for a thanksgiving feast." 
The war continued spasmodically for a few 
years, but the Indians had lost with Philip's 
death. From then on the English had no 
trouble except with the braves who came down 
from Canada during the wars with the French 
in the 18th century. 



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;At right) THE LONG "CHURCH- 
WARDEN" PIPE imparted an agree- 
able mildness and flavor to the tobacco 
smoked therein and, somehow, had the 
property of stimulating the mental 
faculties of the srrioker. Discussion in 
the tap-room of the old Wayside Inn — 
where this photograph was taken — had 
a habit of turning toward weighty mat- 
ters and the affairs of the nation were 
often threshed out under such favorable 
conditions. 

(By courtesy of The Jordan Marsh Co.) 



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THE FAIRBANKS CENTENARY 

The Fairbanks family have held many cele- 
brations; the Fairbanks scale now is to be hon- 
ored upon the centenary of its invention at St. 
Johnsbury, Vt. Jonathan Fairbanks came from 
England and settled at Dedham in 1633; it was 
his brother John who built there the famous 
old house that bears the family name. Fifth 
in descent from the American founders of the 
family, Erastus and Thaddeus Fairbanks estab- 
lished themselves at St. Johnsbury in 1824 and 
began the manufacture of cast-iron plows and 
stove castings. In 1831 they began to give their 
entire attention to the making of the platform 
scale invented by Thaddeus. Erastus remained 
the head of the firm until his death. Joseph, 
another brother, joined them in 1834, and took 
charge of the introduction of the scales to the 
general public. 

The anniversary will be observed on three 
days in early July. A century ago everything 
was weighed by the use of the unwieldy steel- 
yard. Thaddeus, already an inventor of nolo, 
after months of toil completed a platform- 
weighing machine, the platform level with the 
ground and connected with the steelyard by a 
system of levers. The old cumbersome method 
requiring a gallows frame and long levers 
soon superseded. Thaddeus started for Wash- 
ington on horseback to file his patent. The 
Fairbanks family have rendered much service 
to the state of Vermont, filling many position 
of trust from the governorship down, and the 
enterprise which started a hundred years ago 
on an investment of $4000 now has a business in 
the millions. 



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THE FAIRBANKS CENTENARY 

The Fairbanks family have held many cele- 
brations; the Fairbanks scale now is to be hon- 
ored upon the centenary of its invention at St. 
Johnsbury, Vt. Jonathan Fairbanks came from 
England and settled at Dedham in 1633; it was 
his brother John who built there the famous 
old house that bears the family name. Fifth 
in descent from the American founders of the 
family, Erastus and Thaddeus Fairbanks estab- 
lished themselves at St. Johnsbury in 1824 and 
began the manufacture of cast-iron plows and 
stove castings. In 1831 they began to give their 
entire attention to the making of the platform 
scale invented by Thaddeus. Erastus remained 
the head of the firm until his death. Joseph, 
another brother, joined them in 1834, and took 
charge of the introduction of the scales to the 
general public. 

The anniversary will be observed on three 
days in early July. A century ago everything 
was weighed by the use of the unwieldy steel- 
yard. Thaddeus. already an inventor of note, 
after months of toil completed a platform- 
weighing machine, the platform level with the 
ground and connected with the steelyard b.v a 
system of levers. The old cumbersome method 
requiring a gallows frame and long levers was 
soon superseded. Thaddeus started for Wash- 
ington on horseback to file his patent. The 
Fairbanks family have rendered much service 
to the state of Vermont, filling many positions 
of trust from the governorship down, and the 
enterprise which started a hundred years ago 
on an investment of $4000 now has a business in 
the millions. 



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Longfellow's and Hawthorne's 
Spring Unnoticed by Tourists 

Spot Discovered by Poets When They Were 

Students Together at Bo wdoin^ College 

At Brunswick, Me. 



[Special Dispatch to The Herald] 



BRUNSWICK, Me.. Oct. " 6— Unno- 
ticed by thousands of tourists who 
travel each summer along the main 
road from Brunswick to Bath, the pure 
waters of Paradise spring flow into a 
little glen which once echoed to the 
voices of Longfellow, Hawthorne and 
other famous men wlio once were stu- 
dents at Bowdoin College. 

Today an unoccupied flat-roofed 
building bearing a large sign with the 
legend "Paradise Water" is the only 
marked for a place that is replete with 
association of the past. This build- 
ing is the bottling plant built by John 
J. Burchenal of Cincinnati, who has 
since died. 

PINES OFFER SHADE 

At the base of a hillside near by is 
the spring itself, now covered by a 
small shingled shed, from which a 
I stream of water as pure as any in the 
world flows out toward the Adroscog- 
I gin. Lofty pine trees share the spring 
in summer and shelter it in winter, 
and the ground around it is covered 
with a carpet of pine needles. 

The first development of the beauties 
of the spot is credited to Nathaniel 
Hawthorne and Henry Wadsworth 
Longfellow, both graduates in the 
Bowdoin class of 1825. They found the 
spring during a Sunday walk, tasted its 
clear, cool water and returned to it 
often. 

Together they cleared away a little 
basin for the water and placed two logs 
behind it to hold up the bank. Twelve 
years ago, when the present spring 
house was built, the two logs were 
found, and are now in a rack in the 
office of the Paradise Spring Company. 

In the years following the discovery , 
of its beauties, the little glen became a 
gathering place for the more intellectual 
students of the college. Old grads re- 
turning for commencement always 
made a pilgrimage to the place and dis- 
tinguished orators gave declamations tee- 
neath the pines. 

PRESIDENT SPOKE THERE 

Franklin Pierce, Bowdoin's contribu- 
tion to the national presidency, Sergt. 
Smith Prentiss, famous orator, and 
Senator James W. Bradbury of Augusta 
have spoken in the glen. 

Seats were placed around the hollow 
in the hill by the famous class of 1825, 
but all traces of them have long ago 
disappeared. 

The Rev. Elijah Kellogg, one of 
Bowdoin's kindliest and most widely 
loved graduates, referred to the spring 
in his Whispering Pine series of books. 



It is generally believed that Longfellow 

referred to Paradise Spring when he 

wrote, "A Gleam of Sunshine," in tr-e 

words: 

'This is the place. Stand still, my steed. 

Let me review the scene. 
And summon from the shadowv past 

The forms that onc« have been. 
The Past and Present here unite 

Beneath Time's flowing- tide, 
Like footprints hidden bv a brook 

But seen on either side." 

Shortly before he died Charles J. Gil- 
man accompanied the late Senator 
James W. Bradbury, the last surviving 
member of the class of 1825, to the 
spring. Senator Bradbury remarked 
that the place was one of the most his- 
toric spots connected with the colleee 
and expressed the hope that its beauty 
might be preserved. The property is 
now owned by the Burchenal heirs 




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Dear Mother: 

Last Saturday, May 24th, was the 
day of our great historical trip to 
Boston. We had breakfast and started 
I from school at seven o'clock. In Provi- 
dance we passed Brown University 
and Moses Brown School and then we 
hummed along for Massachusetts and 
Boston. 

Once there we went through the 
beautiful Public Gardens and the his- 
toric Boston Common to explore the 
State House, where we heard the Leg- 
islature in session. 

At Cambridge we saw Harvard Uni- 
versity, site of the Washington Elm, 
Longfellow's House, (where he wrote 
"Paul Revere's Ride" and other "Tales 
of a Wayside Inn") and Lowell's 
home. 

Back in Boston we visited the Navy 
Yard to see "Old Ironsides" and new 
destroyers. Then up Bunker Hill we 
went and climbed the monument, 294 
steps. Some of us started to run up 
but we certainly walked down. 

Then we followed Paul Revere's 
J ride out through Somerville. We pass- 
1 ed Tufts College on its hill and went 
through Arlington to Lexington. 

Here we were royally entertained 
by Air. and Mrs. Hammer, Jack's par- 
ents, with such a dinner, potato chips 
and ice cream, too. Not only that 
but Mrs. Hammer had ready for us 
a most interesting guide who took us 
all around Lexington and Concord. 

We started the tour at the Hancock- 
Clark House, then Lexington Green 
: with the Minute Man, and then the 
J Monroe Tavern. Then along to Con- 
cord Bridge we went to hear "the 
shot heard round the world" and next 
to the Wright Tavern. 



In Concord we also saw the homes 
of Louisa Alcott, Emerson, and Haw- 
thorne. This last was also the home 
of Margaret Sidney who wrote about 
the Five Little Peppers. Remember? 

After this afternoon of exploration 
we forgot about eating until we reach- 
ed Weston where we had supper at 
Mr. and Mrs. Hoagues. Then we re- 
membered that we were really hun- 
gry for the good supper waiting there. 

Then we started for home but there 
was one more wonderful stop. This 
was at the Wayside Inn, that Long- 
fellow wrote about, in Sudbury. Here 
we went in and saw this old inn with 
Miss Staples, who lives there, to tell 
us all about it. Across the road we 
saw the Old Grist Mill and then we 
saw the Little Red Schoolhouse where 
Mary went to school and her lamb 
waited outside. When we left Miss 
Staples gave us all some candy. This 
is one of the ways Mr. Ford, who 
has fixed up the Inn, shows how he 
likes to have children visit there. Miss 
Staples said we conducted ourselves 
very well on our visit. 



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Through Worcester, Massachusetts, 
we rode home in the evening. The 
bus was big and comfortable and we 
were glad because we were tired when 
we reached home after ten o'clock. 

I hope you will come up early to 
Commencement and then I can tell 
you more about the trip. 
Love, 

SONNY. 






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GOV ALLEN RIDES IN 100-YEAR- 
OLD OMNIBUS AT WORCESTER 

Vehicle of Vintage 1830, Loaned by Henry Ford, Is Used 
In Centenary Celebration of Store 



Special Dispatch to the Globe 
WORCESTER, May 7— Gov Allen 
went back 100 years in transportation 
today when he stepped from his 1930 
model automobile into an old omnibus 
that was used in 1830 in carrying- pas- 
sengers between Worcester, Shrews- 
bury, Northboro and Marlboro, and 
rode through the center of city with 
Mayor O'Hara and Chief of Police 
Foley to the department store of the 
Barnard Sumner & Putnam Company 
to assist in celebrating: its 100th an- 
niversary. 



With Fred W. Clement, leader of the 
Worcester Brass Band, blowing the 
coach horn as the ancient equipage, 
boi-rowed from Henry Ford at the 
Wayside Inn, rumbled its way behind 
four black horses over the pavement 
of Main st, a great throng applauded 
the Governor, who was busy acknowl- 
edging the salutations. 

At the store the Governor was greet- 
ed by officers of the company and 
descendants of the founders and was 
then shown over the establishment, 
where he was guest from 5 to 6 o'clock 

He was then taken to the Bancroft, 
where he was a guest tonight at the 
Army and Navy dinner. 



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Washington's arrival at Cambridge was re-enacted yesterday in a pageant pre- 
sented by the Cambridge Neighborhood House on the grounds of the Craiyie- 
I.ongfellow estate, Cambridge. The coach was loaned by Henry Ford. Left to 
right. Henry - Wesselman of New York, as George Washington. Robert H. Junes 
of New York as Phillips Randolph, Huntington Faxon as Gen. Ward and ^Jrs 
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- PROGRAM - 

AFTERNOON AT FOUR 

IN FRONT OF HOUSE 

Historical Scenes connected with 
The Craigie House 

The Children in the cast will be from the 
Cambridge Neighborhood House. 

After the Play there will be informal country dances 
on the lawn in which all are invited to join. 



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THE PARLOR - LONGFELLOW'S WAYSIDE INN, SOUTH SUDBURY, MASS 



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COMMEMORATION 

OF THE 

TERCENTENARY 

OF THE 

Massachusetts Bay Colony 
1630-1930 



Lancaster, Massachusetts. 
JUNE 8, 1930 



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Order of Exercises 

IN THE 

Meeting House of the First Parish 

AT 3:45 O'CLOCK 



Organ 
Hymn 



"O God, Our Help" 



Mr. Lucien Howe 



St. Anne. C. M. 



O God, our help in ages past, 
Our hope for years to come, 
Our shelter from the stormy blast, 
And our eternal home. 

Before the hills in order stood, 
Or earth received her frame, 
From everlasting thou art God, 
To endless years the same. 

A thousand ages in thy sight 

Are like an evening gone, 

Short as the watch that ends the night 

Before the rising sun. 

Time, like an ever-rolling stream, 
Bears all its sons away: 
They fly forgotten, as a dream 
Dies at the opening day. 

O God, our help in ages past. 

Our hope for years to come, 

And our eternal home. 

Be thou our guard while troubles last, 



Word of Welcome Hon. Herbert Parker 

Chairman, Massachusetts Bay Colony Tercentenary Commission 



Address Charles Edwards Park, D. D. 

Minister of the First Church in Boston, gathered 1630. 



Hymn 



America 



Organ 



My country! 'tis of thee, 
Sweet land of liberty, 

Of thee I sing: 
Land where my fathers died! 
Land of the pilgrims' pride! 
From ev'ry mountain side 

Let freedom ring! 

My native country, thee, 
Land of the noble free, 
Thy name I love; 
I love thy rocks and rills, 
Thy woods and templed hills: 
My heart with rapture thrills 
Like that above. 

Let music swell the breeze, 
A.nd ring from all the trees 

Sweet freedom's song: 
Let mortal tongues awake; 
Let all that breathe partake; 
Let rocks their silence break, 

The sound prolong. 

Our fathers' God! to Thee, 
Author of liberty, 

To Thee we sing; 
Long may our land be bright 
With freedom's holy light; 
Protect us by Thy might, 

Great God, our King! 



Mr. Lucien Howe 



The Exercises will be followed by a Band Concert on the Green 
in front of the Town House. 



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Framingham 

Old Home Week 



In honor of 



June 1249, 1930 



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Framingham will observe the Puritan Tercentenary by special 
exercises in the week June 12 to June 19 according to the follow- 
ing program: 

Thursday, June 12 

Graduation at the State Normal School at 10 o'clock, with 
Biennial meeting of the Alumnae following on June 13, 14 
and 15. 

Friday, June 13 

Opening of the Massachusetts Convention of Spanish War 
Veterans. 

Saturday, June 14 

Continuation of Convention of Spanish War Veterans with 
Parade at 4 o'clock. 

Sunday, June 15 

Closing day of Convention of Spanish War Veterans. Appro- 
priate Tercentenary Exercises in churches. 

Monday, June 16 

Tercentenary Dance by Framingham High School Alumni Asso- 
ciation at Nevins Hall in the evening. 

Tuesday, June 17 

Historical Pageant at the Athletic Field in evening. 

Wednesday, June 18 

Open house at rooms of Framingham Historical Society, and 
Reception to Mr. W. T. Brunger from Framlingham, England. 

Thursday, June 19 

Public day at Mr. John R. Macomber's "Raceland," and official 
Historical Exercises at Nevins Hall in evening. 

There is much in the history of Framingham to invite interest and 
study, too much to be reviewed in the brief space of this notice. 
There is some indication, however, of these matters of historic in- 
terest in the list prepared some years ago by the Framingham His- 
torical Society, which appears elsewhere in this program. 




The Framlingham Castle, England. 



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Thomas Danforth was one of the early magistrates of the Massachusetts Bay 
Colony. He came to New England in 1634 from his native town, Framlingham, 
Suffolk County, England. He served the colony as Representative from Cam- 
bridge, Assistant, Judge, Treasurer of Harvard College, Deputy Governor. In 
1662 he received from the Colony a grant of some 15,000 acres, which included 
most of the territory now known as Framingham west of the Sudbury River. 
This grant was early known as "Danforth's Farms" and also as the "Framingham 
Plantation." Danforth died in 1699, and in 1700 the General Court ordered 
"that the Plantation called Framingham be from henceforth a Township, retain- 
ing the name of Framingham." There are instances in England where the name is 
spelled without the "1" and instances here where the name is spelled with the 
"1," but whether spelled with or without "there is no doubt that the Plantation 
received its name from the birthplace of Thomas Danforth in England." 
Temple's History, page 3. 

The mother town is in East Anglia, that old section of England divided in 
early times between the North Folk and the South Folk, and becoming later 
Norfolk and Suffolk counties. The natural beauty of Suffolk County has become 
famous through the landscape paintings of Constable and Gainsborough. Fram- 
lingham is the site of one of the oldest Castles of England, the home of the 
Howard family, known in history as the House of Norfolk. Here Edward VI 
held his first royal court, and Mary Tudor made her stand as the first Queen 
Regnant of England. 




The Old Kellogg House, 1747. 

Framingham developed as an agricultural and commercial center. Among 
the early family names are Angier, Bacon, Badger, Ballard, Bannister, Belcher, 
Belknap, Bent, Bigelow, Brewer, Buckminster, Capen, Clark, Cloyes, Coller, 
Coolidge, Cutting, Dadmun, Daniels, Drury, Eames, Eaton, Edgell, Fairbanks, 
Fisk, Frost, Gibbs, Gleason, Hager, Hastings, Haven, Hemenway, Howe, 
Kendall, Learned, Maynard, Mellen, Nixon, Nurse, Parkhurst, Phipps, Pike, 
Pratt, Rice, Rugg, Sanger, Singletary, Stone, Temple, Trowbridge, WalkuD, 
Warren, Wayte, Winch. 




The 1808 Picture of the Common. 




The old academy building now occupied by the Framingham Historical Society, 1837. 



The settlement of a minister was essential to the incorporation of a town. 
John Swift was the first minister from 1700 to his death in 1745. Then came 
Matthew Bridge, who died in 1775, and David Kellogg, who served until his 
death in 1843, three ministers in a period of 143 years. The house built by 
Reverend Bridge and later occupied by Dr. Kellogg is still standing. The pic- 
ture on preceding page has been found in Bond's "Watertown." 

Much of the village life since 1800 has centered around "The Common." 
The picture drawn by Captain David Bell in 1808 shows the beginning. 

In its present form, it is an enclosure within public streets surrounded by 
double rows of trees, with the two meeting houses near the oval end, and the old 
Academy Building, now occupied by the Framingham Historical Society, and the 
Jonathan Maynard School and the old Town Hall and Public Library all near by. 




PLACES OF HISTORIC INTEREST IN 
FRAMINGHAM, MASS. 

CENTRAL SECTION 

Revolutionary Monument. Site of old Training-field. Buckminster 

Square. 
Site of Buckminster Tavern. Main Street, north of Monument. 

Old Mile-stone. Main Street. 

Site of First Meeting House in Framingham, 1699. Old Burial 
Ground. 

Grave of Rev. John Swift, the first Minister. 

Grave of Rev. Matthew Bridge, the second Minister, Chaplain in 
Gen. Washington's Army in 1775. 

Grave of Rev. David Kellogg, the third Minister. 

Site of First School House in Framingham. 

Site of Stocks, near Site of Meeting-house. 

Grave of Peter Salem, a Slave, who killed Major Pitcairn. 

Grave of Captain Jonathan Maynard. 

Graves of Soldiers in French and Indian War. 

Graves of Revolutionary Soldiers. 

Gravestones with quaint Inscriptions: Abraham Rice and John 
Clayes, 1777. Captain Isaac Clark, 1768. 

Isaac Warren House, 1799. Main Street. 

Site of John Fiske House, Main Street, where Nathaniel Brinley, a 
noted Tory, was confined. 

Abner Wheeler House, 1722. Main Street. 

Site of Rev. John Swift House and his old Well. Maple Street. 
Marked by Historical Society Tablet. 

Old Maynard Tavern. Neary House, 1713. 

Old Houghton Tavern, 1796. Central House, Central Square. 

Old Stone Slab. High Street. 

Site of the Small Red Store. Esty's Block. 

Framingham Common. Training-field, 1735. 

Memorial Hall. Town Library. South End of Common. 

Soldiers' Monument. In front of Memorial Hall. 

Site of old Town-House. Southeast of Meeting-House. 

Site of Second Meeting-House. Northeasterly Corner of Common. 

Site of Third Meeting-House. First Parish Church. 

The old Academy Building. Vernon Street, Grove Street. His- 
torical Society Rooms. 

Captain Simon Edgell House, 1816. Edgell Street. 
Rev. Matthew Bridge House, later occupied by Rev. David Kelloee 
Kellogg Street. 1747. 

Indian Head Hill, Old Jacob's Favorite Summer Resort. 

Framingham State Normal School. First Normal School in United 
States. 

Old Sentinel Outlook. Bare Hill (Normal Hill). 

Israel Town House. Salem End Road. 1713. 

First Baptist Church, 1826. Worcester Street, Pleasant Street. 



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Jonathan Maynard House. Pleasant Street. 

Old Miles-stones. Pleasant Street. 

Site of Major Lawson Buckminster Tavern. Little Tree Farms, 
Pleasant Street. 

Salem End, settled in 1693 by Peter Clayes and others of Salem 
Village. Sarah Towne Clayes accused of Witchcraft; im- 
prisoned in Ipswich Jail, August, 1692; escaped and came to 
Framingham with her Husband, Peter Clayes, 1693. 

Site of Garrison House and Salem Fort. Between the Fenton and 
Peter Parker Houses on the North Side of the Brook. 

Brewer Elm. Set out about 1727 on the Fenton Farm beyond Big 
Boulder. 

Home of John Nourse. 1696-7. Salem End Road. 

Gates Elm, also known as the Rugg Elm. Largest Tree in Framing- 
ham. Span 250 feet. 

Indian Summer Camping Ground. Near Mouth of Cowassock 
Brook. Salem End. 

Caleb Bridges House. 1693. Framingham Country Club House. 
Occupied for 150 years by Temple family. 

NORTHERLY SECTION 

"Indian Cairn." On the highest point Nobscot Mountain. 

"At the Fall of the Rocks." Precipice on Eastern Side. 

Site of Old Jethro's Wigwams. Near Precipice. 

Indian Planting Fields. Below Precipice. 

Gen. John Nixon's Cellar Hole. Near a Spring on North Slope of 

Nobscot. 
Doeskin Hill. West of Nobscot. 
Peter Jethro's Field and Granary. West Side of Doeskin Hill, near 

Ernest Gregory place. 
Col. Ezekiel Howe House and Tomb. Gregory place. 
The Red Horse Tavern. Wayside Inn, Sudbury. 
Thomas Nixon House. West of No. 7 School House. 
Capt. John Trowbridge House. 
N. I. Bowditch House. Grove Street. 

Jeremiah Pike House, 1694. Foster House, Belknap Street. 
"Pike Row." Old Road in Front of Foster House. 
Aaron Pike House. Belknap Street. 
Graves of Smallpox Victims. Thompson Farm, Pleasant Street. 

SOUTHERLY SECTION 

Site of Indian Encampment. Southeast Slope, Mount Wayte. 
Boulder Marking Site of Eames Tragedy and Thomas Eames House. 
Site of Indian Villages. Waushakamaug. Around Farm Pond. 
"The Old Field." Indian Burial Place. Common, Concord Street. 
Site of Clark's Tavern. Concord Street. 
Site of Sanger Tavern. Civic League Buildings, Concord, Sanger 

Streets. 
Old Red House, 1721. Union Avenue. 
Site of Sweating Pit on Eames' Land, Lincoln Street, now School 

Land. 



1 

1 



Where "cabin" is found in old records 
it means a hut or cottage of one of 
hese types. The English of those days 
were better sawyers than axe-men, and 



TERCENTENNIAL INSCRIPTIONS 

Herald /*|*n'/-7- 

By SAMUEL ELIOT MORISON / <f & 

It has been my duty to look over 
some hundreds of proposed inscriptions 
for the tercentennial markers. No 
doubt many more will be written this 
year, so I should like to offer a few re- 
marks on the subject. 

These tercentennial markers are 
meant to be read by passing motorists. 
They should, therefore, be brief, not 
prolix; and should, if possible, tell a 
story rather than a mere string of dates 
and information. They should make a 
wide appeal. It is of no interest to 
anyone, unless possibly his descendants, 
to know that, "This was the home of 
Jabez Sculpin, town clerk, 1634-75; 
selectman, 1666-72; fence viewer, 1672- 
75: deputy to the general court, 1675- 
80." But many of the proposed inscrip- 
tions are of that sort. How much more 
interesting is the following, sent in by 
the Town of Acton: 

"Mill site of Capt. Thomas Wheeler 
who was chosen to protect the town 
herd of cattle from wild beasts, guard- 
ing them in a yard every night. In 
King Philip's war he was wounded." 

This paints a picture of colonial life, 
commemorates a brave and useful citi- 
zen, and is told in good English, simple 
and direct as a Greek inscription. 

Watertown and Beverly, too, ha\j 
sent in excellent inscriptions, and otht 
towns have sent in good ones. Bi 
many have been inaccurate, and othei 
have sent in copy that you have t 
read two or three times to find whs 
it is all about. 

Most Americans hate dates, becaus 
they had to learn them at school. S 
if you want your inscription read, don 
sprinkle it with dates. If dates yo' 
must have, see that they are accurati 
Do not try to convert old style day 
of the month into new style; but us 
the new style year for the period Jar 

:»rch 25. 

"FIRSTS" AND "OLDESTS" 

Avoids "firsts" and "oldests." "Firs 
house in town" does not mean mucl 
to the next town. Of what interest i 
it to the tourist to learn that a cer 
tain meeting house is the "oldest ii 
blank county?" Two different Massa 
chusetts towns claim the "first tid< 
mill" and three the "first grist mill. 
Supposing one is right, who cares? Es 
pecially avoid "first in America" o: 
■first in the English colonies." Mexicc 
had schools, churches, mills and mos 
of the apparatus of civilized life Ion; 
before the English colonies wen 
founded; and Virginia, let it rot b< 
forgotten, was founded in 1607 and hae 
a Legislature as early as 1619. It L 
not courteous to our guests to clairv 
that we were ahead of their sections! 
of the country in everything; nor were 
we. It is the quality, not the priority. 
of the achievements of Massachusetts 
that counts in the long run. ' 



i: emphasize the cultural contributions 

[of early Massachusetts: poets like Anne 

Bradstreet, Benjamin Tompson and 

,Urian Oakes; goldsmiths like John 

[Hull, Jeremy Dummer, Robert Sander- 

'son, John Coney, Timothy Dwight and 

A common mistake of inscriptions iL,„,.j ,■;;„"',,, 

to drag in a log cabin. There were n E Almost e\erv Massachusetts town had 

log cabins in early Massachusetts. That „ A1 '" s i,^J ei *„!*!? Z r . r am « 

type of dwelling was introduced to the ° ne ° . m °}* P""*?" 1 ,,?, hP ne d 

colonies by the Swedes and Finns on } s nrst settleis. oi establish d son e dis 

the Delaware. The first New Englanders tn - ct maustry. or * a *J?™flhfl in es 

built conical shelters of boughs and! story that gives the flavor of flie tames. 

bark, or Indian wigwams of the long- These are the sort of Wutn weU 

house pattern, or cottages with wattle- , ?n an inscription Compa at ively lev. 

and-daub walls and thatched roofs, inscriptions have been sent in about the 

whpro •',.ahi,v> ia f„™^ ;„ „,,* .... interesting men or the ear.y days. None. 

for instance, on William Pynchon. Ed 



ward Johnson. Nathaniel Ward, Peter 
Bulkeley, Daniel Gookin, Robert Child. 



wl£ "wro* Z££Zt" £TZ»7"U??*£: a £Z* I Richard Bellingham, Edward Gibbons. 
Z™: el £» 10 £Z LJS 5"! 3? f ?™u e , d Daniel DenisomJohn Underhill, Samuel 



houses. New England domestic archi 
tecture in the 17th century looked 
nothing like the popular "Colonial" 
style. See Fiskc Kimball's "Colonial 
Architecture" for illustrations. 

There is a tendency to make too 
many Indian massacres. They occurred, 
to be sure, but at long intervals. The 
New England colonies had much less 
Indian warfare in the 17th century 
than the Southern ones, or New Neth- 
erland. If all the Indian massacre in- 
scriptions sent in are erected, our vis- 
itors will wonder next summer how 
anyone was left to carry on Massachu- 
etts. On the other hand, it would be 
interesting to know the sites of all the 
■praying Indian towns" established by 
Eliot and Gookin. Three or four have 
>een sent in already. We also want to 

SUDEURY — SUDBURY FIGHT — One- 
quarter mile north took place the Sud- 
bury Fight with King Philip's Indians 
on April 21, 1676. Captain Samuel 
AVadsv.-orth fell with twenty-eight of hl.s 
men: their monument stands in the 
burying ground. 

SUDBURY — Sudbury, one of the earliest 
frontier towns, settled In 1638. Scene 
of a stubbornly contested battle be- 
tween the settlers and King Philip's 
Indians, April 18-21, 1676. 

SUDBURY— HOP BROOK MII/L— To the 
right is the site of Hop Brook Mill, 
-ted by grant of the town of Sud- 
bury, January 7, 1659, to Thomas and 
Peter Noves. "to build and maintain a 
mill to grind the corn of the settlers." » eans tha t tne letter should be doubled 

It is now the property of Henry Ford. r **»* "ii \i U t0 * ^ undels t to °^- 

Above all, do not try to eet too much 
BAST SUDBURY - THE GOODENOW n an inscription, and be as brief as pos- 
GABRISON HOUSE— Portion of the ble. Not more than 50 words can be 
Goodenow Garrison House in which set- ut on a marker in any case, and 25 
tiers took refuge from King Philip's ill look better and be more often raad. 
Indians durir-; the battle of April 18-21, It is surprising how much you "an 
1676. W in 25 words if you must, and how 

ell. Here is an example from the 



Maverick, Hugh Peter, Elijah Collet. 
Ezekiel Cheever, Thomas Thatcher, 
Samuel and Jonathan Danforth. 

It is all right to quote words with 
quaint spelling from the old records, but 
avoid "ye" for "the." What appears to 
be "ye" in old manuscripts Ls merely old 
hand-writing or an abbreviation for 
"the" and should be so read and print- 
ed. Massachusetts was settled at a 
time when English handwriting was 
changing from mediaeval to modern. 
The mediaeval "t" was written short. 
without a cross, and the mediaeval "h" 
was written somewhat like a "j" with- 
out a dot. The "r" looked more or less 
like a "u." So that a word which looks 
like "yiyeu" in Governor Wlnthrop's 
handwriting is really "thither." When 
the handwriting changed, people went 
for a century or more using the old 
irm of "th" as an abbreviation, such 
; "ye" for "the." "yt" for "that," 
m" for "thsm." But these words were 
Idem printed and never pronounced 
ius. It is permissible to print them so 
jwadays when it is intended to repro- 
ace the exact appearance of a manu- 
ript. as in the Massachusetts Bay 
?cords; but on a public inscription it 
better to spell out "ye," otherwise 
'cple will pronounce it "ye" instead of 
;he." This does not, of course, applv 
> "ye" when used as a vocative form of 
/ou." In printing words from aid 
cords, look out for the various curls 
i the tail of "p" which are an abbre- 
ation for per. pro. etc. And remember 
iat a short dash or a tilde over a letter 



SUDBURY — HAYNES 



GARRISON 



reek Anthology: 



HOUSE— One-quarter mile north is the « Here a tnousand Spartans arres . ed 
Bite of the Haynes Garrison House the f tnelr valour tns advance of j nt 
home of Deacon John Haynes. Here l vr iads of Persians, and died without 
the settlers by their brave defense fining their backs. That is Dor; an 
saved the town when King Philip and iscipline." 
his Indian warriors attacked Sudbury 
in April 1676. 



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MOTOR MAGNATE ON LABRADOR SHIP 




^Poto by Leslie R. - 1 - Rerald l srapher) 

Aboard Sir Wilfred T. GrcnfeU's schooner, George B. Cluett. Left to right: Mrs. William H. Spices of Detroit, Mrs. 

Henry Ford, Henry Ford, Lady Grenfell and Sir Wilfred Grenfell. 






FORD GUEST ON 
GRENFELL SHIP 

Motor Magnate Has Hali- 
but Dinner on Labra- 
dor Schooner 



SIR WILFRED IS 
HONORED BY C. OF C. 



Henry Ford partook of a halibut din- 
ner yesterday on Sir Wilfred T. Gren- 
fell's auxiliary schooner George B.! 
Cluett, having motored from the Way- 
side Inn, where the Grenfells have been 
guests. In the Ford party were Mrs. 
Ford, Ladv Grenfell and Mrs. W. H. 
Spicer, friend of the Fords, of Detroit. 

The motor magnate had a glimpse 
of T wharf, where the Cluett lay, and 
was held up a bit by the stream of 
traffic on Atlantic avenue, but a rea 
test of his agility came when he steppec 
from the caplog into the schooner's 
main rigging and to the deck, htterec 
with all manner of gear. The womer 
were assisted down and avoided a rov 
of oil drums lashed in the schooner'; 
wist on the way to the afterhouse 
where a table had been arranged witl 
the benches cushioned apcrl 

nd the schooner's crockery and c 



REFUSES INTERVIEW 

Mr. Ford told reporters he would re- 
main but 15 minutes but, as Sir Wil- 
fred was delayed ashore, the visit 
lengthened into three-quarters of an 
hour, everybody remaining in the cabin 
until joined by Sir Wilfred and Gorham 
Cluett of Troy, N. Y., representing the 
family of the late George B. Cluett, 
donors of the the vessel to the Grenfell 
Association. 

Asked to comment on an address by 
Chairman George W. Wlckersham of 
President Hoover's law enforcement 
commission, favoring a modification of 
existing stringent laws for enforcement 
of the prohibition amendment, Mr. 
Ford had nothing to say. Before leav- 
ing for the Wayside Inn Mr. Ford 
shook hands all round and asked to 
meet Donald Smith, the Cluett's en- 
'gineer. It became known, just as the 
schooner departed at 3 P. M., that Mr. 
Ford had presented the association ma- 
chinery that will prove invaluable in 
future building construction that Sir 
Wilfred may undertake in connection 
with his missions. The schooner was I 
presented a ship bell by the Yale Gren- 
fell Association, a last minute installa- 
tion. 

Sir Wilfred sailed on the schooner for 
St. Anthony, but Lady Grenfell will 
join the vessel at Sydney, N. S., in 
about twa weeks. Atty. A. T. Gould, 
this city, active in association affairs, 
goes as far as Lunenburg. N. S., where 
the vessel will call for supplies. The 
volunteer seamen include: R. S. Hurl- 
burt, son of Dean Hurlburt of Harvard 
University; Gallatin Welch and Albert 
Tuxbury Hill of Philadelphia and Gor- I 
don Earp, also from Philadelphia, a 
member of McGill University, class of 



1931. Jacob Compton of St. Anthony,' 
N. F., graduate of the agricultural col- i 
lege in Truro, N. S., is returning to 
participate in an experiment to grow 
vegetables on the north coast, Labra- 
dor students returning home on the 
Cluett are: Kenneth McNeill, Edmund 
Pike. Edward Slade, Henry Rich, Hor- 
ace McNeill, Percy Hancock. The cargo 
includes crates of rabbits which, it is 
hoped may be successfully bred in 
Labrador. 

The Cliiett Is expected to return to 
Boston in about three weeks for addi- 
tional supplies and, departing, will 
carry a group of scientists who will 
spend the summer among the Labra- 
dor missions. 

A loving cup was presented Sir Wil- 
fred at a luncheon given in his honor 
by the Maritime Association of the 
Boston Chamber of Commerce, in the 
Chamber building, the token being the 
gift of Mayor Curley in behalf of the 
city of Boston The presentation was 
by A. D. Corbettf, the mayor's secretary. 
The gift is in recognition of Sir Wil- 
dred's humanitarian work in the North 
Addressing the gathering of steamship 
men. city officials and members of the 
Maritime Association, Sir Wilfred, in 
accepting the loving cup expressed' be- 
wilderment that the mayor, crowded 
with official duties could keep track of 
the little expedition represented by the 
schooner George B. Cluett. This rec- 
ognition will, he said, encourage the 
boys who are giving their time to hu- 
manitarian purpose. 

Henry Ford was expected to attend 
the luncheon at the Boston Chamber 
of Commerce building and Sir Wilfred 
explained his absence with the state- 
ment that the manufacturer is a' 
embarrassed by newspaper men. 



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PROGRAM 

I Sinking - America 

II Salute to the Flag 

III The Lord's Prayer 

IV Gavotte Gcss^c 

Josephine LionaLan - Violinist 
/.ime Bickersen - Aceorpo.ni.st 

V Old lire bcnool^ Martha hop 1 "^.:" 

\I Piaylet - TEE DiliE SuKOOju 

E\ai.i' aline LcLonald - Dd„io <-r^e.\ 
Betty Boyur - nary Green 

PUEILS 
Mary Bartlett i&uaie BateLeidei 
Lydia Bona?,zoli David Bert^ey 
Kenneth Burr Eleanor Stone 
Ton Lin ship 

VII Music Linuet Beeiho-ven 

VIII The District School I.iartha Hopkins 



IX Playlet - THE LAST DAY OF SCHOOL 
Ivan Stone, Master 

1 The Schoolmaster's Advice 

2 Llary Had a Little Lamo 
5 A Boy's Ambition 

4 Recitation 



6 The Blackberry C-irl 

7 Medley of Old Tine Ballads 



Primer Class 
Nehiirdah Snodgras 
Ezekiel Trueuorth 
Lydia Sawyer 
Temperance Carter 

Caroline ' ! inr 



3 Recitation 
9 Dialo puo - Th 

Jonathan and Tiiomas Doolittle 

10 Recitation Rliha Palmer 

11 Recitation Nathaniel Green 

12 Recitation 



Meddle some Matty 



13 Dane in r 

14 C-aues 



Directed by Helen Elliott 
Directed by Josephine Monahar. 



Presentation of Certificates 
Sinking' - America the Beautiful 



tar. Boyer 



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B'JNKER HILL DAY, fortunately 
for itself, has a name with clear 
connotations. To most Americans 
a holiday means primarily a play- 
day, with thoughts of Columbus, the Dec- 
laration of Independence or thankfulness 
for divine blessings a secondary consid- 
eration. But there were a good manv pic- 
turesque phases about Bunker Hill that 
.-ire worth bringing to mind. 

In the first place, Bunker Hills battle, 
on June 17, 1775, though an important 
event historically, in that it was the first 
severe fight of the Revolution, which had 
opened the previous April 19 in Lexing- 
ton, was no battle at all according to 
modern standards. A drawing from a 
contemporary sketch, done from Beacon 
Hill, shows placid harbor (which then 
made of Boston a peninsula and almost 
an island) with a couple of British sail- 
ing vessels afloat and across the water 
the green hills of Charlestown under a 
placid sky. Under the lazy clouds in the 
sky are a lazy cloud of smoke on Bunker 
Hill, and two others from the guns of 
the two sailing ships. Charlestown, blaz- 
ing merrily, is a tiny collection of about 
four hundred houses at the water's edge, 
backed by the hills and clustered about 
a tall church spire. Colonel Prescotts 
American defenders of the stronghold 
numbered only about 1500; General Gage, 
attacking their presumption, had between 
2000 ard 3000. The American dead were 
150; the British, 224. The little fortifica- 
tions, which included fences reinforced 
with stuffings of straw, had been put up 
In only eleven hours, and the battle itself 
— three assaults, the final one successful 
because the Americans were almost out 
of powder — lasted only from about three 
until five in the afternoon. 

People always want to know whether 
it was on Bunker or Breed's Hill that 
the battle took place. The answer is 
both. Bunker Hill was then 110 feet high 
and about a mile from the English bat- 
tery on Copp's Hill. Breed's Hill was on 
Breed's farm, about seventy-five feet 
high, and about half a mile nearer Bos- 
ton. Prescott, at the request of the local 
patriots, had arrived to help fortify the 
heights at ten o'clock on the night of 
June 16. which was clear and moonlit. 
He and his brother officers had had con- 
siderable discussion about which emi- 
nence to fortify. It was terminated when I 



Richard Gridley, the engineer officer, 
said he had to get to work, ajad they de- 
cided to fortify both hill*?. Gridley worked 
on Breed's from midnight until eleven 
o'clock the next morning, making breast- 
works and other protections, and then 
sent the tools up to Putnam, who forti- 
fied Bunker Hill. During the night the 
Americans going down to the water's 
edge from time to time would hear the 
"All's well" of the watch on th^-English 
vessels. Charlestown's alarm clock the 
morning of the seventeenth at daybreak 
was a bombardment from the ship Fal- 
con. 

Another bit of information which 
people generally remember about the bat- 
tle was that the Americans were com- 
manded not to fire until they could see 
the whites' of the Britishers' eyes. This 
was not original with that occasion. It 
was recalled from the memoirs of the 
wars of Frederick the Great and had 
been given in substance by Prince Charles 
in 1745 and again at the battle of Prajrue 
in 1757. 

The battle, because it had demonstrat- 
ed to the Americans that they could 
withstand an attack from almost twice 
their number of Britishers, was rightly 
considered one of the most decisive of 
the Revolution, and by June 17, 1825, the 
corner stone of the monument was ready 
to be laid. "The morning." says a his- 
torian of the ceremony, 'proved propi- 
tious. The air was cool, the sky was 
clear, and timely showers' the previous 
day had brightened the vesture of nature 
into its loveliest hue." The aged and ir- 
resistibly charming Lafayette was, as 
we all know, the guest of honor, and here 
Webster made his first Bunker Hill ora- 
tion. The mellifluous flow of his liter- 
ally spellbinding oratory covers about 
eleven small-type pages of a good-sized 
volume, and the most famous passage in 
probably that beginning: 'VETERAXS: 
you are the remnant of man,- a well- 
fought field." Eighteen years 'later, on 
the monument's completion, Webster by 
then Secretary of State, spoke again, 
giving an oration hardly less notable 
than his first, and three pages longer in 
the book. In this oration the tribute to 
Washington is best known: "I claim him 
for America. In all the perils, in every 
darkened moment of the state . . to 

all these I reply by pointing to Wash- 
ington"' 



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ROADSIDE MARKET 



APPROVED AND SUPERVISED 



BY THE 



WOMAN'S NATIONAL 

FARM AND GARDEN 

ASSOCIATION 

INCORPORATED 



SOUTH SUDBURY, MASSACHUSETTS 
1930 



HISTORICAL SKETCH 

JL he general store of "Bill" Parmenter, erected 
before the Revolutionary War at the cross-roads in 
Sudbury Center, carried a little bit of everything, 
gingham and fish hooks, apples and crockery, stove 
polish and nails, and more. Here you found wis- 
dom crisp and slow, news of the day, politics and 
gossip, all heard around the air-tight stove. "Bill" 
Parmenter, who kept the store for fifty years, was 
born at the Wayside Inn. 

The lower floor was originally the "Center" 
School, and for a time it contained the Post Office. 
In 1929-36 it was purchased and moved to its pres- 
ent location on the Boston-Worcester Post Road. 



PURPOSES OF THE MARKET 

± o add to the community another feature of his- 
toric interest, to provide a country store and a center 
for educational and social activities. 

To assist agricultural agencies in the solution of 
rural economic problems by providing a market for 
farm products, home industries and handicrafts. 

To provide for the Woman's National Farm and 
Garden Association, a station where the problems 
of Roadside Marketing may be studied in an effort 
to arrive at standards and improved practices. 






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(Courtesy Essex Institute, Salem) 



A View of a Cent-Shop, Which Supplied Early Nineteenth-Century Salem with Sweets, Toys 

and Notions 



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*!Mrs. Henry Ford 

and the 

Marketing Committee of the 

Women s T^lational Farm and Garden Association, 

Incorporated 

cordially invite you to attend the 

Private Opening 

of the 

First Roadside Mar\et 

under their supervision 
at 

The V/ayside Inn, South Sudbury, 
Massachusetts 

Friday, June 20, 1930 
3 to 5 

Tea will be served 






R. S. V. P. 

to 

Miss Mabel Welch 

Wayside Inn, 

South Sudbunr, Massachusetts 



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Mrs. Henry Ford Presides 
at Roadside Stand, Sudbury 

Mrs 1 . Henry Ford, president of the "Wo 
men's National Farm and Garden Asso 
ciation. entertained agricultural leaders 
from all over New England, at the open 
ing of a roadside market and genera! 
store at South Sudbury Friday afternoon. 
The market is to be run in connection 
with the old Parmenter store, built before 
the Revolutionary War. 

The store and stand will carry products 
of the farm connected with the Wayside 
Inn. handicraft products of the Wayside 
Inn Trade School, and nearby farm prod- 
ucts and it will aid in furnishing an outlet 
for products from members of the asso- 
ciation. 

Those present included Mrs. William H. 
Spicer of Michigan, chairman of the mar- 
keting committee; Dr. Arthur W. Gilbert, 
commissioner of agriculture: Dudley Har- 
mon of the New England Council; mem- 
bers of the marketing committee and of 
the New England Farm and Garden As- 
sociation, and representatives from col- 
leges' and departments of agriculture in 
several New England States. 

Mrs. Ford outlined the purposes of the 
association and suggested ways in which 
problems of roadside marketing may be 
studied. She expressed the belief that the 
association can establish a chain of such 
stands to benefit both producer and con- 
sumer. 

Dr. Gilbert responded to Mrs. Ford's 
remarks, saying he believed this to be a 
fine opportunity and he promised the co- 
operation of the State Agricultural De- 
partment in the enterprise. 

Tea was served at the Wayside Inn for 
forty guests'. 









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As their contribution to the tercentenary celebration in Salem, the Pequot Mills have opened a guest house 
for visitors to the city. This is a quaint, 2» 2 story dwelling, a reproduction of a 17th century American home, 
with a dooryard garden and a collection of rare antiques. A group of Salem women were hostesses today at the 
formal opening of the house. The resident hostess is to be Miss Elizabeth Goldthwaite. 






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Tercentenary Pilgrimages— No. 16 

ITHE WAYSIDE INN, SUDBURY, 




"A kind of old Hobgoblin Hall 
With weather stains upon the 

wall, 
And stairways worn, and crazy 

doors, 
And creaking and uneven floors." 



Such an old tavern stood in 
Sudbury, on the Post road from 
Boston to New York, in the days 
when "half effaced by rain and 
shine, the Red Horse prances on 
the sign." 

Immortalized in Longfellow's 
Tales of a Wayside Inn, the 
once bustling inn has now become 
a show-spot, where visitors from 
the world over arrive eagerly. It 
still offers hospitality in a splen- 
did cuisine, but the prices are 
somewhat different than in the 
old days, when a "good dinner" 
could be had for a quarter, or 
thereabouts. 

The Red Horse Tavern, owned 
by several generations of Howes, 
was a typical "ordinary" of a 
bustling, large-sized town. The 
landlord, Howe, was a man of. 
note, and the political destiny of i 
the country was oft discussed, for 
the tavern was a rendezvous for 
the town. 



Here, the arrival of the mail 
I coach, with a flourish, to the 
tavern was an event of thrilling 
importance, while the tr.p room 
was ever popular for its good 
"phlip." In this tap room many 
famous men have gathered, 
Adams, Hancock, Daniel Webster 
and the famous bard, Longfellow, 
who has made the rambling old 
structure a setting for his famous 
Tales, which every school boy 
and girl knows by heart. 

Much could be said of the 
Howes, who, upon losing their 
wealth, undertook the venture of 
a public-house, and how from 
father to son the old "ordinary" 
passed through the years until 
Longfellow's day. 

John How was the first of the 
Howes (the "e" was added later), 
to come to these shores, and he 
became a tavern-keeper as early 
as 1661. He was a selectman 
and a justice of the peace, "a 
man of character," indeed. 

But this John How was not of 
Red Horse Tavern, but in a 
neighboring town he displayed a 
Black Horse upon his sign. He 
was, however, the first Landlord 
How. 



David How opened the Red 
Horse Tavern shortly after 1714, 
in a small house which is sup- 
posed to be the "ell" in the rear 
of the present establishment. His 
son, Ezekial, enlarged the inn be- 
cause of the larger demand for 
accommodation. 

Ezekial How took part in the 
opening battle at Lexington. 
George Washington honored the 
inn by his presence in 1789, when 
he made a farewell tour of New 
England. 



COLONIAL REMIND ER j 

Colonel How's third son, Adam, 
became possessor at his father's 
death and he kept the inn until 
1830, when his son, Lyman, car- 
ried on the business. 

Lyman Howe was a bachelor. 

so the line of Howes ended at 

his decease. In his time the Red 

Horse was again as unpretentious 

., 

as at its beginning, for the rail- 
road has usurped the stream of 
guests which used to arrive by 
stage coach. 

The Wayside Inn is now a glori, 
ous reminder of colonial days 
with a splendid collection of an- 
tiques which the present owner 

Suv^T^' hM « "wted carel 
tuny. The surroundings are bean 
tiful and well protected. Visitors" 
are welcome. »««<.ors 



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SUDBURY 



MASSACHUSETTS 



Incorporated l639 




Wadsworth Monument 
1852 



930 



Programme 



Sunday, June 22nd 

Union Service, Unitarian Church. Address by Rev. Dr. 
Samuel Eliot, of Arlington Street Church. 

Wednesday, June 25th 

Old Home Day. Parade, 1.30 p. m. Major Dr. Albert 
Owen, chief marshal • Framingham Rotary Club Boys' 
Band; Floats of Organizations and Trades. At Sudbury 
Center, 3 p. m. : "America," by Band and Audience; 
Invocation, William Channing Brown ; Presentation of 
Speakers, by Chairman; Music; Professor George H. 
Barton, president of day; Music. Speakers: His Excel- 
lency Governor Prank G. Allen; Mrs. Edith Nonrse 
Rogers, M. C. ; Attorney John E. Rice, and others. 

Friday, June 27th 

Old Home Week Ball, at the Wayside Inn, through the 
courtesy of Mr. Ford. Committee of arrangements: Mrs. 
Prank F. Gerry, Mrs. Lewis B. Coburn, Mr. Frank E. 
Bowker. 



SUDBURY, MASSACHUSETTS 

The Town of Sudbury, in Middlesex County, was founded in 1639, the first 
town west of Watertown; the dividing line being the present town line between 
Weston and Wayland. 

Nothing was known of this part of the country until William Wood came from 
England in 1633, and made a rough survey of the territory which the Indians 
called Musketaquid, or Grassy Ground. 

Wood was so delighted with the country and spoke so highly of it on his 
return, that later settlers coming to Watertown in 1637- '38 began to come to this 
new section, and in 1639 the name of Sudbury was given to the new town, which 
was so incorporated ; taking its name from Sudbury, England, from where many 
of the new settlers came. 

This part of Sudbury was later set apart from what is now Wayland, and the 
first town meeting was held in the new meeting house, August 5, 1723, where now 
stands the present First Parish church ; all town meetings being held there until 
about 1795. While the present church was being built, town meetings were held 
in the house of General Benjamin Sawin. The present church was finished in 
1797, and town meetings were held there until the recently burned town hall was 
built in 1846. 

Among the names of original settlers were Haynes, Brown, Bice, Hunt, 
Wheeler, Stone, Bent, Moore, Beed, Goodnow, Howe, Barmenter and others equally 
prominent. Many of these names are still found on the list of voters of the town. 

Among the many points of historical interest in Sudbury are: The Wadsworth 
Battle Ground, where the settlers fought for their homes and families in 1676. 
In 1730 a slate stone was erected on the site by Bresident Wadsworth of Harvard 
College, son of Captain Wadsworth, and in 1852 the Legislature was petitioned for 
aid in erecting a monument, which was granted. The following inscription 
appears on the monument: "This monument is erected by The Commonwealth of 
Massachusetts and the Town of Sudbury in grateful remembrance of the services 
and suffering of the founders of the State and especially in honor of Captain 
Samuel Wadsworth of Milton, Captain Brocklebank of Bowley, Lieutenant Sharp 
of Brookline and twenty-six others, men of their command who fell near this spot 
on the eighteenth of April, 1076, while defending the frontier settlements against 
the allied Indian forces of Philip of Pokanoket — 1852." 

The survivors of the Wadsworth battle took refuge in their flight in the 



Haynes, Goodnow, Parmenter and Walker Garrison Houses, as well as Hop Brook 
Mill, which have mostly disappeared, except a portion of the Goodnow house, situ- 
ated at the farm of Aubrey Borden, on the State road, but are marked by 
memorial stones or tablets. The Indians tried to burn out those taking refuge in 
the Haynes Garrison House by turning loose down the hill towards the house, a 
load of burning flax, but it upset before reaching the house, saving the settlers. 

Additional points of interest are the site of the old Hop Brook Mill, built in 
1659, by grant of the Town of Sudbury to Thomas and Beter Noyes, being the first 
mill built west of the Sudbury river, the Musketaquid. The Wayside Inn, immor- 
talized by Longfellow, and recently restored by Henry Ford; the old Kidder 
Shoe Shop, built about 1820; the site of the first shoe factory west of Watertown, 
built 1850, and operated by Brown and Jones; the Goodnow Library, endowed and 
erected 1862 by John Goodnow, a descendant of Edmond Goodnow; this was the 
second free public library in the state, the first being in that part of Sudbury 
which is now Wayland ; the oldest house in town on its original site, built in 1699 
1700, by Abraham Wood, the second owner of Hop Brook Mill; the Howe Brown 
house, earlier called the Major Josiah Bichardson house, now owned by Frank 
Morton, built in 1725; this house prior to the Civil war was one of the stations of 
the so-called underground railroad, Mr. Brown being the station agent; the Loring 
Barsonage, built 1730; the Bigelow Parsonage; the Hurlbut Parsonage; the Old 
Parish Church; Revolutionary Monument; Civil War Monument; the Old Cemetery, 
which contains the graves of the ancestors of many of our people. 

In Colonial times, Sudbury was the largest town in the state except Salem. 
In Revolutionary days it was the largest town in Middlesex County. Sudbury is 
the mother town of Framingham, Marlboro, Hudson, Maynard, Northboro, South- 
boro, Westboro, Grafton, Worcester and other towns west, all settled by pioneers 
from Sudbury; the first settler in Worcester was Ephraim Curtis, who settled on 
what is the northeast end of Lincoln street and lived there many years alone, but 
his longing for Sudbury caused him to return and end his days there, but others of 
his family took his place in Worcester, where descendants still reside. 

Sudbury is one of the most beautiful towns in Eastern Massachusetts, and 
retains much of its old Colonial charm and has many descendants of Colonial days. 

With the advent of the automobile we are brought nearer to Boston and other 
business and social centers, and we welcome those who have come and are coming 
amongst us to enjoy as far as may be our old-fashioned country life, which we 
trust ' ' may not perish from the earth, ' ' in spite of the changing conditions of 
time. ' ' 



POINTS OF HISTORIC INTEREST 

The Old Training Field and Site of Storage Houses, 1720. Old County Eoad 
East of State Eoad. 

Site of Deacon John Haynes' Garrison House. Here the settlers held the 
Indians from the eastward advance, April 18-21, 1676. 

Goodnow Garrison, which is a portion of Aubrey Borden's House, State Eoad 
East. 

Hull Goodnow House, built 1747, State Eoad. 

John Goodnow House, built 1800, on the Saxonville Eoad. He was one of the 
prominent men in the colony, and lived to be more than 101 years old. 

Abraham Wood's House, the oldest house in South Sudbury, 1699-1700. 

Music or Singing Hill, south of State Eoad, opposite Tighe's Fillino- Station 
Here the settlers used to gather and sing under Uncle Siah Eichardson 

State S Eoa°L ^^ ^ ^^^ ^^ ° f E ° St ° n ' bnilt 1850 ' b ^ Brown & Joiies > 

7 i^o e + Sit m,° f Hop Brook Mill > the first mil1 west of the river. Granted Januarv 
7, 1659, to Thomas and Peter Noyes, for their services to the colony } 

"eneStiont Himt ' S St ° r6 ' ° nCe ^ trading Center for miles aromd ^ kept by five 



lican 



Captain Enoch Kidder Shoe Shop, built in 1820 the birtrmlaee of thn m i 
l Party in Sudbury, now Bradshaw's Store. ' tarth P laee of the Bepub- 

Conconl Eoad" 1 " 1 ^^ T ™™> ^ '^° Ut 1750 ' ™™ State Eoad and 

George Pitts' Farm, on Eaymond Eoad, was oranted 171,-c Tr m . a , 
nigs were held to discuss location of church' and Son of town ™ 7 ^ 

PramYngtm ETad. Br ° Wn Gai ' riS ° n ^ ^ ab ° Ut 166 ^ ^ed Ham's Farm, 

^Tb^ ^ !«•; 

Framingham Eoad; oldest house in Sudbury. ' l0n Wllson ' s h «^c, on 

Spring ° f Geneml J ° hn NiX ° n H ° USe ' °» ***«* ■**« Nobscot Mountain, near 

Tippling Eock, easterly slope Nobscot Mountain, 
nearby!" ° f ° M Jethr °' S Wi *™> ™" ta ^^cipice. Indian Planting Fields 

Bed Horse Tavern, Wayside Inn, built 166.6; now owned by Henry Ford. 
Wayside 6 ll^ H ° W ^ built 1680 ' "cond mill west of the river, near the 



Little Eed Schoolhouse, made famous by Mary's Little Lamb. 

Doeskin Hill Timber Common, of 130 acres; fine of 19 shillings for each tree 
cut without permission. 

Site of Thomas Plympton's First House, built about 1725, near Wayside Inn 

Station. 

Site of Walker's Garrison House, near Wayside Inn Station. 

Old Walker School, first free school in Sudbury, formerly James Walker place. 

Goodnow Public Library, in front of which the Civil War Monument stands, 
was the second free library in the state, built 1862. Gift of John Goodnow, grand- 
son of John Goodnow, who was one of Sudbury 's prominent men, and lived to be 
over 101 years old. 

Site of Wadsworth Academy, built 1857 ; from which many noted men were 
graduated. Memorial Church stands here. 

Major Josiah Eichardson grant. House built about 1725. Later, Israel How 
Brown House. Prior to Civil War an underground railroad station; Mr. Brown 
being station agent. More than 100 negroes passed through here. 

Wadsworth Monument, scene of battle of Green Hill, April 18-21, 1676. More 
than 100 were killed in this battle with Philip and his savages. 

Goulding's Antique House, built in Wayland about 1680; removed to its 
present site 1925. 

Hurlbut Parsonage, Concord Eoad, built about 1820. 

F. E. Bent House, oldest house in Sudbury Center, Concord Eoad. 

Site of Jones' Store, recently sold to Henry Ford. Formerly the first school 
in Sudbury Center. 

Site of Joel and Nabby Jones' Tavern, Old Sudbury Eoad. 

Ashur Goodnow House and Store, built about 1800, Concord Eoad. 

Old Parish Unitarian Church, built 1797, on site of first church west of the 
river, which was built 1723. Eevolutionary War Monument, dedicated June 17, 
1896, stands in front of this church. 

Loring Parsonage, on grant of land dated 1727; built about 1730, by 
Sudbury 's first minister of the west side, Old Sudbury Eoad. 

Bigelow Parsonage, built about 1765, by Eev. Jacob Bigelow, second minister 
of Sudbury. 

Old Eice Homestead, on Eice Eoad. William Eice married Mary, daughter of 
Daniel Esterbrook, 1737; settled here on grant of 300 acres. Now owned by 
W. E. Piper. 

Eeuben Haynes' Tavern, built about 1700, Great Eoad, North Sudbury. 

Pratt's Tavern, built previous to 1820, Great Eoad, North Sudbury. 

Site of Haynes' Block House, on farm of Clarence Austin, North Sudbury. 

Site of Pantry School, corner Concord Eoad and County Eoad. Several 
famous men went to school here. 



house. 



Site of Second Thomas Plympton House, on site of Mrs. Frederic Whiting 




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Huilt 1667 — Restored 10,13 
One of the oldest houses in cAmerica 



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The old Howland House on Sandwich Street in Plymouth, Massa- 
chusetts, was erected in 1667 by Jacob Mitchell, who built the large 
square chimney, the north room and attic above, with probably a 
lean-to over the fire-place in the kitchen. 

It is now one of the oldest houses in America. Originally it was 
a six or eight-post house, but the old rafters indicate that the roof has 
been raised three times. 

Jacob Mitchell and his wife were both killed by the Indians in 1667, 
and Jabez Howland, son of the Pilgrim John Howland, and a well- 
to-do man, came into possession of the house. He finished building 
around the chimney and eventually raised the roof higher and widened 
it to cover the whole house as it now is. 

The main room in the house remains in nearly its original condition, 
and if its walls could speak, they would repeat the words of John 
Howland and his good wife, Elizabeth Tilley Howland. 

3firat «3fWr 

Visitors, on entering the Howland House, will notice the interesting 
H8L door hinges (Holy Lord), and the double cross on the front 
door panels, which signified security from witchcraft. 

The Pilgrims and their children for several generations were very 
superstitious. 

The old house has been furnished by members of The Pilgrim John 
Howland Society with heirlooms, relics and antiques. 

The front room on the left (furnished by Mrs. Mary J. S. Moore 
and family, of Haddonfield, N. J.) contains a distaff, spinning wheel, 
foot-warmers, andirons and tongs, and a glass case in which are many 
rare and treasured articles given by various members, including old 
Bibles, Prayer Books, a Latin dictionary (published in England in 
1704), shoe buckles worn by the Marquis de La Fayette, fire-arms, 
lamps, etc. 

The small room leading from this room has an old Melodeon, made 
into a desk by a member of the Society, Stephen J. Adams. 

The kitchen is most interesting and contains the old settle, table- 
chair, spinning wheel, fire-place with oven in back, cranes, kettles and 
many other antiques. The pewter in glass cases is the gift of the 
Misses Jewett, of Chicago, Illinois. 

The small bedroom off from the kitchen has one of the old rope 
beds and trundle-bed, with old chairs. 

The right front room was furnished by one of the former Presidents 
of The Pilgrim John Howland Society, Mr. James Crocker Foote, of 
Belvidere, Illinois, in memory of his mother, Mrs. Mary Crocker Foote, 
a descendant of John Howland, who passed away in 1907; his son. 
John Garvin Foote (1903) ; and his sister, Mrs. Mary Annette Foote 
Clarke (1912). 



The second floor is a replica of downstairs, even to an oven in 
the back of the chimney over the kitchen. 

The room with a hole in the door, is where the women and children 
were placed in case of an Indian attack, and where they could not only 
see but shoot should any of the Indians come upstairs. 

The floors in the bedrooms upstairs are supposed to be the original, 
having hand-made nails in them. One board in the small room facing 
the street is worn by constant wear of feet from the big fire-place in 
the middle room or kitchen to the window, where a fine view of the 
Bay was obtained, as there were no houses on the other side of the 
street at that time, or until about one hundred years ago. 

There is a tradition handed down that this board was worn by the 
wives of the various sea captains, who have lived in the House and trod 
to the window looking for the ships they longed to see coming home. 

The front room on the left was furnished by our Founder and for- 
mer secretary, Mrs. Lillie B. Titus, and her sister, Mrs. Lucy E. 
Wallace, in memory of their grandfather, Captain James Huckins. 

The old canopy bed — a genuine antique — and the old bureau have 
been handed down from former generations. 

The small bedroom has an old rope-bed and a very interesting old 
bed-spread. 

The other bedroom, furnished by Mrs. Cynthia Hathaway, contains 
a rare old bed with Pineapple posts, and a bed-spread over one hundred 
and twenty-five years old. 

Visitors should not fail to go up into the attic and see the massive 
chimney which shows the work of a master builder. 

The plaster on the north room downstairs has been found to be 
made of sea-sand, ground clam shells and goats hair. The first plaster 
was made thus because of the lack of limestone in this section of the 
country. It is, therefore, in all probability, the original plastering. 

The late William T. Davis, Historian, said of the Howland House: 
"It is fair to presume that its floors have been trodden by these two 
passengers of the Mayflower (John Howland and his wife) ; let this 
ancient structure be added to the list of Pilgrim Memorials and share 
with the Rock our veneration and respect." 



Pictures of the old Howland House, the original kitchen and the 
guest room, may be bought for souvenirs. 

Be sure and get the book — "John Howland, A Mayflower Pilgrim." 

If you are a descendant of John Howland and his wife, Elizabeth 
Tilley, we cordially invite you to become a member of The Pilgrim 
John Howland Society. Information will be given you by the Care- 
taker. 




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„ '^Historic Frigate Floats Una 




OLD FRIGATE CONSTITUTION AS IT WAS TOWED FROM DRYDOCK TO ITS PIER AT THE NAVY YARD 



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OLD FASHIONED BLOTTERS 

By WALTER PRICHARD EATON 
Now that Mr. Coolidge has become an in- 
surance man, we hope he will do something 
about blotters. He is interested in old fashioned 
things; at any rate, he was interested in econo- 
my, which is very old fashioned. Why shouldn't 
he strike a blow for old fashioned blotting pa- 
per? We have suffered for a long time now 
under the new dispensation. Our fountain pen 
warns us that it needs filling by suddenly de- 
positing a large blob of ink on the page. (Dr. 
Crothers once drew a human analogy from this 
trait in fountain pens, suggesting that mind." 
almost empty of ideas flow freest.) We then 
reach for a blotting paper, and touch tho blot 
with the corner. Nothing happens. We \ear 
off a bit of paper, to get a fuzzier edge, and try 
again. Nothing happens. We then lay the pa- 
per firmly on the blot, and press down. Some- 
thing happens, then! The blot is spread out 
like the silhouette of a Golliwog, completely 
spoiling half a paragraph. 

We have tried all companies, fire, marine, 
accident, automobile, life. They all seem to gei 
their blotters from the one source of supply. The 
advertising value of these blotters may be high. 
but the capillary action is almost nil. We have 
even gone to the unprecedented extent of buy- 
ing blotting paper, which hurt us almost as 
much as it would to buy matches or wooden 
golf tees. (Somebody, of course, must buj 
wooden golf tees, but we never have to; we pic-: 
up plenty by keeping our eyes open.) And tin. 
purchased blotting paper was, if possible, evei 
less adapted to its avowed purpose. It was : 
pretty color, and had nice ribbed pattern 
stamped on it. But it wouldn't soak up a bio: 
It was probably made for one of those desk 
pads with brass corners which people give you 
for Christmas. It was of just about as much use 
So when Mr. Coolidge trots around to write 
insurance, he can do a great stroke for his 
company and for the public in general by filling 
his pockets with real, old fashioned blotters, and 
giving a couple to every prospect. Instead of 
trying to commit suicide, like the man we read 
of the other day, who could think of no other 
way to dodge the insurance agents, Mr. Cool- 
idge 's prospects would soon be running down the 
path to meet him, or taking him out to lunch. 



Osfi* )kA*U> QfjL 



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THE FATHER OF THE BRIDEGROOM SHAKES HANDS WITH THE FATHER 
intj t!AL "- CjK gf, X T ^ E BRIDE: JOHN D. ROCKEFELLER JR. 

Greeted by Percy H. Clark, at Whose Estate Near Philadelphia the Wedding 

Reception Took Place. 



s 




George Washington 

From a portrait by Gilbert Stuart recently acquired in London. 

One of the most notable examples of the so-called Athenaeum type 

of Washington portraits. 

Size: 24 x 30 inches. (See editorial comment.) 

Owned by Robert Jackson 



/ 




HINGHAM'S OLD SHIP CHURCH 

On Record as the Oldest House for Public Worship in the United States. 

Enlarged in 1735 and 1755, It Has Had Only 10 Ministers. 



Old Ship Church at 
So Named From 



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Hingham, Mass. 1 , 
Shape and Lookout 



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Every week dai/ during July and 
A u/jiist. The Chbistias Scibxcb 
Moxitor publishes an illustrated 
historical sketch, briefly describing 
places of interest to visitors at the 
Massachusetts Bait Tercentenary 
celebration in the. summer of 1930. 



There has not been much change 
in the Old Ship Church in Hingham. 
Mass., in the two centuries and more 
since it was built. Those who built 
it hewed its timbers out of solid oak 
with a broadax and the marks of the 
ax are still visible today in the orig- 
inal timber of the frame. 

Old Ship Church is on record as 

the oldest house for public worship 

standing in the United States. It is 

i still used for its original purpose and 

in all its long service has had only 

, 10 ministers. 

The name "Old Ship" is attached 
to it because of its peculiar appear- 
ance, rectangular, two stories high 
and having a lookout station. The 
massive pulpit is reached by a steep 
stairway. Its rafters are uncovered. 
Not until 1817 did stoves take the 
places of foot warmers. In 1763 cer- 
tain pews were assigned to "persons 
I skilled in music." Separate pews 
were the lot of elders, deacons and, 
in her time, the w r idow of the first 
pastor. In Hingham of eld one mem- 
ber of the parish was taken to court 
for "common sleeping during pub- 
lic exercise on the Lord's Day and 
for striking him who waked him. 
Since he was not sorry he was sen- 
tenced to be severely whipped." 

There was one earlier meeting- 
house in Hingham, built soon after 
its settlement in 1635: this edifice 
had a belfry and a bell, and was sur- 
rounded by a stockade. The Hing- 
ham and Plymouth colonists wor- 
shiped there together, the Plymouth 



men coming by a trail through the 
forest. 

The Old Ship Church was enlarged 
in 1735 and again in 1755, but its i 
type, simple, rectangular, with a ! 
pyramidal hipped roof and belfry ris- 
ing in the center was not changed, 
for after all, it is an architectural 
design entirely suitable for its pur- 
)ose. 



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NO. 96— MISS CLARA E. SEARS 



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